Cortisol is a glucocorticoid secreted by the adrenal glands naturally upon waking, eating, stress, and exercise. It has myriad influences on the surrounding tissues and systems and its secretion is necessary under normal conditions. Prolonged secretion can have a detrimental impact on the targeted organs, which are numerous, so for the sake of brevity the focus is on the interaction with insulin and promoting conditions that put your health at risk.
When cortisol is triggered, a chain reaction of events surrounds the metabolic needs of tissues and organ. Cortisol functions by moving the necessary resources out of storage and onto the shelves for the shopping demands of predetermined systems. With respect to the impact on the liver, cortisol triggers the release of amino acid release and subsequent protein breakdown to increase availability of fuel. These aminos would normally have been reserved for muscle synthesis, but are not spared by cortisolís signal. Triglycerides are released into the blood as fatty acids, and fat stores are moved into the abdomen to send out the troops that will produce more cortisol. This action by fat cells increases their size and number, breeding deep in the abdomen and rerouting blood supply to feed their frenzied breeding. Cortisol also stimulates the release of glycogen from liver stores and pumps it into the blood raising glucose levels. A prolonged state of these interactions contribute to the pummeling of the pancreas whose job surrounds rounding up the blood glucose through the insulin trooper and locking it back into tissues. Unfortunately, the pancreas wasnít designed to dictate this order for extended periods, and upon pooping out, the bodyís resistance to insulin creates a sugary insubordination that is diagnosed as diabetes.
The exchange and relocating of fat cells contributes to the apple shape of the abdomen associated with poor health, and the increase in body fat furthers the progression of diabetes and eventual insulin dependence to replace a retired pancreas. Diabetes is a growing disease with potentially debilitating effects on the heart, blood vessels, and kidneys sometimes leading to hemodialysis and limb amputation.
Total cortisol secretion is not conducive to normal functioning since it does play a role in anti flammatory responses of the body and during fight or flight responses. Since insulin is a natural enemy with counteractive results, spiking your glycemic index after you train is an important practice to implement. High carb recovery drinks typically meet the requirements to increase insulin release and reduce cortisol levels But the goal is to reduce extended periods of secretion and is also possible through supplementation. This is important if you are over training, or under stress that is unreceptive to mitigation. Being aware of the impacts your lifestyle can have on your health will promote an awareness to prevent the potential.
The following supplements have anti-cortisol properties and can be found at their respective links provided.Cortistat PS-- anti cortisolAgeless growth-- anti cortisol
L-Glutamine: protein synthesis promoting amino acid. This amino is found to have a indirect relationship with cortisol, suppressing levels with the increase of its own. Many weight trainers have a low glutamine level which provides a perfect environment for the protein catabolizing cortisol to set up camp.
Vitamin C, Zinc, and Vitamin A: Anti cortisol effects have been suggested
Gingko Biloba: anti-stress and neuro-protective properties were suggested by studies in cort i costeroids in 1997
DHEA: anti-cortisol effects presented at the 1997 conference on cortisol and anti-cortisols
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